Writing/Editing Notes

FANBOYS

Use a comma and a conjunction to join two complete sentences.

Sentence , for sentence .

and

nor

but

yet

so

He worked hard all day, yet he still made it to his daughter’s concert.

 

Their, They’re, There

Their – shows ownership

Example – That is their bike.

They’re – contraction for “they are”

Example – They’re going to the movies.

There – Location

Example – The boy is there.

There is the cafeteria.

 

Sentences vs. Sentence Fragments

A sentence must contain at least one subject (who), and one verb (what), and it must form a complete thought.

A fragment is missing a subject or a verb, and/or doesn’t contain a complete thought.

Examples:

Matt Winces.

Who(s) What (v)

 

The boy is happy to be reading his book.

Who(s) What (v)

Capitalization Rules

  • · Proper nouns

ü Specific names of people

ü Specific names of places such as cities, states, countries, stores, restaurants

ü Brand names

  • · Titles

ü Books, songs, t.v. shows, movies poems

  • · First word of a direct quotation

ü Dialogue, quotes from other works when it’s the entire sentence

  • · Titles used before a person’s name

ü Professional title, government title, person title

 

Pronouns

Pro=for (pro meaning for)

- Stands in for the nouns

Pronouns:

You, she, it, we, us, I, they, them, her, mine, yours, his, hers, theirs, ours, he

Antecedent

An antecedent is the noun the pronoun refers to (ante=before)

 

For Example:

Mr. Travers (antecedent) gave each student one of his(pronoun) candy treats.